Archive | Direct Debits

Collection of funds through direct debits, SEPA Scheme, Interbank exchanges, Domestic clearing systems, Messages standards, Mandates management

Image for Four Corner Model for the SDD Schemes

Main differences between SEPA Direct Debit Core and SEPA Direct Debit B2B Schemes

Before considering the differences between SEPA Direct Debit Core and SEPA Direct Debit B2B Schemes, it is worth reminding ourselves what a scheme is. The European Payments Council (EPC) defines a scheme as following: “A payment scheme is a set of rules which Payment Services Providers (PSPs) have agreed upon to execute transactions through a specific […]

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The Four Corner Model for the SEPA Direct Debit

The Four Corner Model for SEPA Direct Debit

If you ever want to understand how a payment instrument works and specifically the SEPA Direct Debit, the place to start is to draw the Four Corner Model and to study it. In introductory articles, we analyzed the open loop model, which remains the most widespread payments system model in the world. The Four Corner […]

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Camt messages for customer reporting in the Customer to Bank Space

Camt messages for customer reporting in the Customer to bank space

The EPC recommends three messages for the customer reporting. The bank can use one or many of them, according to client’s needs, to provide account reports, account statements and debit/credit notification. It is important to understand that these reporting messages are for customers which can integrate and process them in own IT systems. They are […]

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Picture of Direct and Indirect Participants to a CSM

Direct and Indirect Participants to Clearing and Settlement Systems

Banks can join a clearing system or a settlement system as direct participant (DP) or as indirect participant (IP). After reading this post, you will understand the differences between these two types of participants and why only direct participants settle in CSM. The following figure depicts direct and indirect participants and the relationship they have to […]

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Real-Time Gross Settlement System

Clearing and Settlement Mechanisms – Settlement

The Bank of International Settlement (BIS) defines settlement as an act that discharges obligations in respect of funds or securities transfers between two or more parties. Thus settlement is the funds transfer that is carried out by one party to fulfill his obligations towards the counterparty in a financial operation. Settlement must be performed after […]

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Illustration of Multilateral Clearing Mechanism

Clearing and Settlement Mechanisms – Multilateral Clearing

After presenting the bilateral clearing in the previous article, it is now time to move to the next level: the multilateral clearing. In a multilateral clearing, a high number of financial institutions are involved. But the principle is the same as for bilateral clearing. All the participant banks will exchange payments among each other up to […]

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Image of European Economic Area members

European Economic Area, SEPA Countries and Eurozone

SEPA, the Single Euro Payments Area, is the area where SEPA payment instruments like the SEPA Credit Transfer and SEPA Direct Debit can be used. SEPA countries amount to 34 member states out of which certain states belong to other areas like the Eurozone and the European Economic Area (EEA). This article should help you understand […]

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Model of open loop payments system

Payment systems models

Traditional payment systems operate essentially on two types of models: open loop models and closed loop models. In this post, we will present each of the models with their advantages and drawbacks. Understanding how these models work is crucial for the analysis of payment systems. So read the following very carefully. Open loop models in […]

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